In the socio-economic-cultural context in which the Lucas do Rio Verde Municipality is inserted, to talk about the dignity of the human being is to have a dialectic discussion that visits many areas of knowledge, but that can only be understood when related to the reality in which the Municipality is inserted. The phenomenon that occurs in the Lucas do Rio Verde - MT municipality, which has one of the best human development indexes in Brazil and astonishing economic growth, is the starting point for relating the category of human dignity to the environment. This is because in the case of the Municipality of Lucas do Rio Verde - MT environmental issues and social issues are so intertwined that dealing with the environment is the outcome of a discussion about the dignity of the human person. And when it comes to this Fundamental Right, so recognized by the Brazilian Federal Constitution, it covers not only the simple survival but also a dignified survival, that is, it is the guarantee that the human being can enjoy a dignified life. The contradictions presented by the Municipality of Lucas do Rio Verde - MT, are the starting point to verify that the development that emerged after the Second World War starts to be questioned because, instead of finding autonomy with individual emancipation, we found anonymity. Instead of secularization finding freedom from religious dogma, it has brought the loss of human foundations. In this context, it can be seen that economic development cannot prosper alone, under penalty of damaging the environment and affecting the dignity of the human being to such an extent that the human being, the protagonist of this development, is robbed of the possibility of enjoying a dignified life. The dignity of the human person is an inherent human principle that must always be analyzed in an empirical and real context. It is necessary to analyze a context, with all perspectives, to contemplate the most varied facets of the dignity of the human person. In the exemplary case of Lucas do Rio Verde - MT, it was verified that the violation of the environment brutally affects the dignity of the human being. Through this unit of analysis, which is the Municipality of Lucas do Rio Verde - MT, it is possible to verify that the environment and the dignity of the human being are related, making it possible to discuss Democracy and Human Rights.