Epidemiological profile of feline viral immunodeficiency (FIV) in cats seen at veterinary clinics in Manaus, Amazonas (2020-2021)
Perfil epidemiológico de la inmunodeficiencia viral felina (IVF) en gatos atendidos en clínicas veterinarias de Manaus, Amazonas (2020-2021)
Keywords:small animal clinic, feline, epidemiological survey, retrovirus, Manaus zones
Feline viral immunodeficiency is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality in this animal group. Considering the increase in the population of cats in Manaus, it is necessary to know the parameters that can relate the species to this disease. This research aimed to carry out a study on the epidemiological profile of feline viral immunodeficiency in cats that were treated at veterinary establishments in the city. The period of analysis was from 2020 to 2021, with the collection of data from medical records of patients from veterinary clinics, registered in CRMV-AM, located in six zones of the city. The parameters evaluated were: region of greatest occurrence in the municipality, seasonality, breed, sex, age, weight, frequency of death, management, and main clinical signs presented. 1413 clinical files were analyzed, but only in 420 cases tests for the disease were requested, 81 with positive results. Cases of the disease were detected in all areas of the municipality, with a higher prevalence in cats of mixed breed (98.77%), males (65.43%), aged ≥ 1 year (80.25%), weighing on average 2 kg (88.89%) and castrated (43.14%). Based on the results, it can be stated that the feline viral immunodeficiency agent is widespread throughout the city of Manaus, and it is expected that this research will contribute to the knowledge of Veterinary Doctors, in the early diagnosis of the disease, as well as the guidance of measures prophylactic measures in order to minimize the spread of the disease in the feline species.