Ethics Code

Ethics Policy in Publications and Statement of Improper Publication Practices

This Journal (Magazine) is committed to ethics and quality in publication. We support ethical behavior standards expected from all parties involved in publishing in our journal: the author, the journal editor, the reviewers, and the editor. We do not accept plagiarism or any other unethical behavior.

Editor's Responsibilities:

• Publication Decision: The journal editor is responsible for deciding which of the submitted articles should be published. The editor is guided by the journal's editorial board policies and in strict observance of legal requirements regarding defamation, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The editor may consult the editorial board or collaborators in decision-making.

• Fair Play: The editor must evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content, without distinction of race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, nationality, or political philosophy of the authors.

• Confidentiality: The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the author, reviewers, potential contributors, other editorial advisors, and the editor, as appropriate.

• Disclosure and Conflict of Interest: The editor must not use information not yet published in their own research without the express written consent of the author. The editor must refrain from evaluating manuscripts in which they have any conflict of interest resulting from competitive or collaborative relationships or any other type of relationship or connections with any of the authors, companies, or (possibly) institutions linked to the articles.

• Participation and Cooperation in Investigations: The editor must take reasonable response measures when ethical complaints have been made regarding a submitted manuscript or published article.

Reviewer's Responsibilities:

• Contribution to Editorial Decision: Peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions and through editorial communications with the author may also assist the author in improving the article.

• Timeliness: Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its immediate review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse themselves from the review process.

• Confidentiality: All manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown or discussed with others.

• Objectivity Standards: Reviews should be conducted objectively, and reviewers should express their opinions clearly with supporting arguments.

• Source Recognition: Reviewers should identify relevant published works that have not been cited by the authors. The reviewer should also draw the editor's attention to any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript in question and any other published document of which they have personal knowledge.

• Disclosure and Conflict of Interest: Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have any conflict of interest resulting from competitive or collaborative relationships or any other type of relationship or connections with any of the authors, companies, or (possibly) institutions linked to the articles.

Author's Responsibilities:

• Reporting Standards: Authors of original research reports should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective analysis of its significance. Underlying data should be accurately presented in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

• Originality and Plagiarism: Authors should ensure that their work is entirely original, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others these must have been properly cited or quoted. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

• Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publications: An author should not, in general, publish manuscripts that describe essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently and/or publishing the same article in different journals constitute unethical publishing behavior and are unacceptable.

• Source Recognition: Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be made. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work. Information obtained privately, as in conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties, must not be used or reported without explicit, written permission from the source. Information obtained in the course of confidential services, such as arbitration manuscripts or grant requests, must not be used without explicit, written authorization from the author of the work involved in those services.

• Article Authorship: Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project should also be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The author must ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate ones are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and agreed to its submission for publication.

• Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: All authors should disclose in their manuscripts any financial or substantive/material conflict of interest that might lead to influencing the results or interpretations in their manuscripts. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

• Fundamental Errors in Published Works: When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in their own published work, it is the author's obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the article.

Publisher's Responsibilities:

We are committed to ensuring that the procurement of advertising funds, reprints, or other commercial revenue has no impact or influence on editorial decisions.

Our articles are reviewed to ensure the quality of scientific publications, and we are also users of CrossCheck (CrossRef software for plagiarism identification).

* This Ethics Policy is based on recommendations from Elsevier and the COPE Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors

* This statement is based on Elsevier recommendations and COPE's Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.