Intervention strategies to implement a preventive conservation and maintenance plan in concrete buildings in the modern period of Bogotá
Keywords:preventive conservation, concrete buildings, modern heritage, reinforced concrete, Bogotá, Colombia
Reinforced concrete was the material of choice for many architects of the modern era, exploiting the material in a multitude of creative and innovative ways. Many of the most extraordinary structures of the modern era demonstrate the potential of reinforced concrete and illustrate the rapid evolution of the material throughout the 20th century. It is the most used material in the construction industry due to its high resistance and its ease of molding when it is prepared, it also contains steel in the form of rod and wire, with a useful life of its components, built as a system, for more of one hundred years as long as they are well designed, well built and above all they are given adequate maintenance. However, the durability of concrete structures depends on several main environmental factors, the quality of the raw material and its maintenance. Some of the studies and research projects on the subject of Concrete focus on the historiography of reinforced concrete in Colombia, where some authors highlight aspects of construction processes, technical innovations, construction companies, and architecture and engineering projects that were pioneers in the 20th century. In Colombia, a historical context of this material and the most representative projects in the city of Bogotá, Colombia are detailed below.
Addis, B., & Bussell, M. (2003). Key developments in the history of concrete construction and the implications for remediation and repair. In S. Macdonald (Ed.), Concrete building pathology (pp. 15-105). Blackwell Science Ltd.
Arango Cardinal, S. (1989). History of architecture in Colombia. Bogotá: Editorial Center and Faculty of Arts. National university of Colombia.
Association Pro Rescue of Archives of Architecture — APRAA. (2011). Architecture archive. Obregón Valenzuela y Cía. (1945 / 1952-1982).
Carrasco Zaldúa, LF (2004). Brief profiles of eight twentieth-century architects in Colombia. Essays. History and theory of art, IX (9), 139-168.
del Castillo, JC (2008). The 50s: the beginning of the metropolis. DPA: Documents de Project d´Arquitectura (24), 6- 13.
De Roux Giovanelli, JM, & Arteaga Botero, GA (2018). The Italian school as an influence on modern Colombian architecture. Dialogue between Renato Giovanelli and Domenico Parma. First Colombian colloquium on the history of construction.
Escovar, A., and Cárdenas Angarita, MD (2006). Milestones and protagonists. In A. c. Concreto, The construction of concrete in Colombia. Appropriation - Expression - Projection (pp. 44-132). Bogotá: Asocreto.
Escovar, A., Mariño, M., & Peña, C. (2004). Historical Atlas of Bogotá 1538 - 1910. Bogotá: Planet.
Fontana, MP, & Mayorga, M. (December 01, 2008). Sector 2 international center Bogotá Colombia. Dearq - Architecture Magazine (3), 97-107.
Galindo Díaz, J. (2019). Laminar structures in Colombian architecture. Manizales: National University of Colombia.
García, J., Magdalena, F., & Medina, JM (May 2018). The Pizano house and the light vault in Colombia. The origin of a modern tradition. Rita (9), 152-159.
Goossens, M. (July 2014). Jorge Gaitán Cortés and the introduction of modern urbanism in Colombia. Dearq - Architecture Magazine (14), 210-223.
Henao Carvajal, E. (2008). Tower-platform between party walls. Banco del Comercio, Bogotá, 1957-1958. Dearq - architecture magazine (2), 64-73.
Llanos Chaparro, I. (2008). Obregón and Valenzuela residential architecture. Casal William Villa Uribe (Demolished) el. Dearq - Architecture Magazine (2), 54-63.
Londoño, R. (2008). Sector 1. Downtown, Bogotá, Colombia. Dearq - Architecture Magazine (3), 76-95.
Mayor Mora, A., Quiñones, C., Barrera, G., & Trejos, J. (2014). Schools of arts and crafts in Colombia 1980-1960.
Bogotá: Pontificia Universidad Javeriana.
Medina, JM, García, J., & Rodríguez, JA (2019). Modularity and domed prefabrication. Colombia as the seed of a modern tradition. The Bogota experience and the influence in Latin America. From arq, 44-53.
Mejía Pavony, GR (2000). The years of change. Urban History of Bogotá 1820 - 1910 (2nd ed.). Bogotá: CEJA. Mondragón López, H. (2008). Architecture in Colombia 1946-1951, critical readings of Proa magazine. Dearq -
Architecture Magazine (2), 82-95.
Niño Murcia, C. (2003). Architecture and state. Context and meaning of the constructions of the Ministry of Public Works. Colombia 1905-1960 (2nd ed.). Bogotá: National University of Colombia.
Niño Murcia, C. (2016). Architectural jewels of Bogotá, unexplored heritage. Bogotá: Letrarte.
Niño Murcia, C., & Reina Mendoza, S. (2014). The race of modernity. Construction of the tenth career, Bogotá (1945
-1960). Bogotá: Mayor's Office of Bogotá.
Roa Rojas, M. (2014). Los Alcázares (1949) and the transformation of living in Bogotá. Dearq, 226-239. Peña Rodríguez, ML (2008). The CINVA program and community action. Bitácora, 12 (1), 185-192.
Rodríguez, JL (2008). Memories of the 50s. Conversation with Francisco Pizano. Dearq - Architecture Magazine (3), 16-29.
Saldarriaga Roa, A., & Fonseca Martínez, L. (1989). A century of Colombian architecture. In A. Tirado Mejía, Nueva historia de Colombia (Vol. VI, pp. 181-212). Bogotá: Planet.
Serrano Camargo, R., & Martínez Jiménez, C. (1983). Portrait of Gabriel Serrano Camargo, architect. Bogotá: PROA editions.
Tarchópulos, D. (2013). The Colombian city and the laboratory tests of the functional city. V International Research Seminar on Urban Planning, Barcelona-Buenos Aires, June 2013, (pp. 260-274).
Torres del Río, CM (2010). Colombia 20th century: from the Thousand Day War to the election of Álvaro Uribe.
Bogotá: Pontificia Universidad Javeriana.
Vargas Caicedo, H. (2006). From the trodden wall to the liquid stone. In AC Concreto, The Construction of Concrete in Colombia (pp. 11-43). Bogotá: Asocreto.
Vargas Caicedo, H. (2009). The development of reinforced concrete building in Colombia. The case of the pioneers Domenico Parma and Guillermo González Zuleta (1945-1985). Dearq - Architecture Magazines (4), 64-74.
Vargas Rubiano, H., & Vargas Caicedo, H. (2007). The terraconcreto in Colombia: notes for its history. Dearq, 120- 141.
Vega, MI, Fernández, J., Giraldo, G., & García, J. (1977). Cement industry. National Planning Department, Bogotá.
Villate, C. (2019). Avianca Tower: the first skyscraper with a reinforced concrete megaframe system. First Skyscrapers, Skyscraper Firsts, (pp. 50-57). Chicago
Zambrano Pantoja, F. (2007). History of Bogotá, 20th century. Bogotá: Villegas editores.