Implementacion de un programa de enriquecimiento ambiental en la unidad de modelos animales del IIBo-UNAM

Authors

  • Jorge García Rebollar
  • Mónica Martínez Marcial
  • Georgina Díaz Herrera

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46932/sfjdv5n2-014

Keywords:

enriquecimiento ambiental, bienestar animal, comportamiento, estrés, ansiedad en roedores

Abstract

Los factores ambientales (espacio, temperatura, luz, ruido, humedad, enriquecimiento, alimentación, etc.) influyen directamente en la idoneidad y en el bienestar de los animales, ya sean animales de compañía, de granja o para uso en investigación.  Esta influencia se ve reflejada en parámetros fisiológicos como son: su comportamiento, tasa de crecimiento o ganancia de peso, su fertilidad, respuesta inmunitaria, etc. Para la evaluación del medio ambiente de los animales se utilizan los índices de rendimiento animal como son la salud, la reproducción, el crecimiento, la conducta su actividad social y de exploración y su conducta. En el caso de los animales para uso en la investigación, el enriquecimiento ambiental tiene un efecto muy importante que influye directamente en el bienestar animal y en la validez y reproducibilidad de los datos de investigación. Este enriquecimiento incluye: juguetes, utensilios, túneles, material para nido y otros objetos en diferentes materiales como el cartón, papel o plástico que brinden oportunidades para la expresión natural de la conducta de los animales y que a la vez satisfaga sus requerimientos fisiológicos y sociales. El programa de enriquecimiento ambiental utilizado en la Unidad de Modelos Biológicos del Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas, UNAM, dio como resultado una mejora cualitativa en los parámetros conductuales mencionados.

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Published

2024-01-31

How to Cite

Rebollar, J. G., Marcial, M. M., & Herrera, G. D. (2024). Implementacion de un programa de enriquecimiento ambiental en la unidad de modelos animales del IIBo-UNAM. South Florida Journal of Development, 5(2), 592–600. https://doi.org/10.46932/sfjdv5n2-014