Livestock water quality determination in small dams

Authors

  • Julio César Ríos-Saucedo
  • Ana María Bailón-Salas
  • Alejandra Macias-Jimenez
  • Mónica Yazmín Flores-Villegas
  • Luis Manuel Valenzuela-Núñez
  • Luis Alberto Ordaz-Díaz

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46932/sfjdv4n7-012

Keywords:

livestock, water quality index, PCA, small dams

Abstract

The scarcity and low quality of water resources negatively impact food production processes. It is estimated that 8% of the world’s water supply is used in the livestock industries. This activity demands a large amount of water, which must be of high quality. Water quality monitoring in small dams for livestock allows for better decision-making in the management and water resources conservation. Such an approach avoids the risk of low production due to possible diseases. This work evaluated fourteen physicochemical parameters in samples from small dams. The results were used to build a water quality index in small dams (WQI-sd) for livestock. Seven water quality variables were chosen by using a Principal Component Analysis (PCA): electric conductivity, turbidity, chemical oxygen demand, dissolved oxygen, pH, total dissolved solids, and nitrates. These last three parameters are associated with negative welfare and production implications for the livestock. WQI-sd showed that 91% of the water samples were medium quality and the sample “Puerto La Palma” had bad quality. The water quality index for livestock in small dams could be used to generate information relatively quickly since it was built with 7 parameters, of which, more than 70% were determined in situ in a short time.

References

Abbasi, T., and Abbasi, S.A. (2011). “Water quality indices based on bioassessment: the biotic indices,” J Water Health, 9 (2), pp. 330-348. https://doi.org/10.2166/wh.2011.133

Anduaga, S. (2004). “Impact of the activity of dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) inhabiting pasture land in Durango, Mexico,” Environ. Entomol. 33(5), 1306-1312. https://doi.org/10.1603/0046-225X-33.5.1306

Blinda, M., Boufaraoua, M., Carmi, N., Davy, T., Detoc, S., Froebrich, J., Abdul-Latif, K., Khalifa, E., Margat, J., and Tagar, Z. (2006). “Mediterranean water scarcity and drought report,” Technical report on water scarcity and drought management in the Mediterranean and the Water Framework Directive.

Brown, R.M., McClelland, N.I., Deininger, R.A., and Tozer, R.G.A. (1970). “Water Quality Index — Do We Dare?,” presented at National Symposium on Data and Instrumentation for Water Quality Management, University of Wisconsin Water Resources Center, Madison, United State, July 1970.

Canals, R.M., Ferrer, V., Iriarte, A., Cárcamo, S., San Emeterio, L., and Villanueva, E. (2011). “Emerging conflicts for the environmental use of water in high-valuable rangelands. Can livestock water ponds be managed as artificial wetlands for amphibians?,” Ecol. Eng. 37(10), pp. 1443-1452. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2011.01.017.

Chang, N., Luo, L., Wang, X. C., Song, J., Han, J., and Ao, D. (2020). “A novel index for assessing the water quality of urban landscape lakes based on water transparency,” Sci. Total Environ. 2020, 139351. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139351

Chapman, D., and Kimstach, V. (1996). Chapter 3: selection of water quality variables. Water Quality Assessments-a guide to use of biota, sediments and water in environmental monitoring. 2nd edn. Published on behalf of WHO by F and FN Spon, New Fetter Lane, London, 1996, pp. 74-133.

Destandau, F., and Zaiter, Y. (2020). “Spatio-temporal design for a water quality monitoring network maximizing the economic value of information to optimize the detection of accidental pollution,” Water Resour Econ. 100156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wre.2020.100156.

Dwivedi, S. L., and Pathak, V. (2007). “A preliminary assignment of water quality index to Mandakini River, Chitrakoot.,” Indian Journal of Environmental Protection, 27(11), 1036.

Ellis-Iversen, J., Smith, R.P., Snow, L.C., Watson, E., Millar, M.F., Pritchard, G.C., Sayers, A.R., Cook, A.J.C., Evans, S.J., and Paiba, G.A. (2007). “Identification of management risk factors for VTEC O157 in young-stock in England and Wales,” Prev. Vet. Med. 82(1-2), pp. 29-41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2007.05.004

Ezekwe, I.C., Aisubeogun, A.O., Chima, G.N., and Odubo, E. (2012). “TDS-Eh graph analysis: a new water quality index and rural water supply implications of a river affected by mining in south-eastern Nigeria,” Front Earth Sci-Prc 6(1), 66-74. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11707-011-0201-2.

Olkowski, A.A. (2009). “Livestock water quality: A field guide for cattle, horses, poultry and swine," Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. Quebec, Canada.

Woodard, Curran. “Waste Characterization. In Industrial Waste Treatment Handbook, 2nd ed.,” Burlington: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2006, pp. 83-126. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-075067963-3/50007-2.

Downloads

Published

2023-10-09

How to Cite

Ríos-Saucedo, J. C., Bailón-Salas, A. M., Macias-Jimenez, A., Flores-Villegas, M. Y., Valenzuela-Núñez, L. M., & Ordaz-Díaz, L. A. (2023). Livestock water quality determination in small dams. South Florida Journal of Development, 4(7), 2716–2722. https://doi.org/10.46932/sfjdv4n7-012

Most read articles by the same author(s)